Changes to methodology valid since 2013
Along with the release of results for January 2013 the base period for short-term statistics has been changed
. This is a standard measure carried out every five years and co-ordinated within the European Statistical System. In the case of the construction statistics this change affected the indicator of the construction production index.
The change implies the following:
- the base period for fixed-base indices has been changed from the average of 2005 to the average of 2010;
- new weighting schemes, derived from results of the structural business statistics for 2010, are applied;
- new weights were used for recalculation of data back to 2009 in accord with the Methodology of Short-term Statistics, Interpretation and Guidelines of Eurostat. A revision of data for 2009-2012 was carried out as a result thereof; and
- data for 2000-2008 were connected to updated results by means of conversion bridges using the annual overlap method. It is characteristic for this method that after being connected the year-on-year 2009/2008 indices for the entire year cumulative data remain the same as at the original data and the course of the series for 2000-2008 does not change, i.e. the year-on-year indices remain unchanged after the interconnection. The change, however, brings a consequence that historical series before 2009 may not be aggregated by means of the current weighting scheme.
A standard revision of data for 2012 was carried out along with the recalculation.
Historical time series, which had been published by the end of 2012 and use the basis of 2005, are still available on the Czech Statistical Office website in the archives of the construction statistics time series.
Since January 2013 the seasonal adjustment has been performed by means of a new version of software DEMETRA+.
Methodology for construction statistics and dwelling construction
I. Basic determination of CZ-NACE activities classified to construction (changes against the former CZ-NACE)
Within the CZ-NACE classification, activities under the sections F (41 “Construction of buildings”, 42 “Civil engineering” and 43 “Specialised construction activities”) are considered to be construction activities.
II. Source of data
Key indicator calculations of short-term statistics are based on data from monthly statistical form Stav 1-12. Examples of statistical forms are available at http://apl.czso.cz/pll/vykazy/pdf1
III. Population and sample selection
Reporting units are taken from the Business Register on the basis of their principal economic activity. The sample consists of the sample part and exhaustive part. In general, the contents and purpose of statistical surveys, set of reporting units, type of statistical survey, periodicity and delay before dissemination are set out in Decree No. 398/2008 Sb., on Statistical Survey Programme for a given calendar year.
IV. Key indicators published and basic concepts
is an enterprise whose principal activity is classified as construction. Construction enterprises by size.
refers to construction work performed by enterprises whose principal activity is classified as construction.
is work on construction, reconstruction, extension, modernisation, repair and maintenance of permanent or temporary buildings and civil engineering works. It includes construction of building structures and value of material inputs.
Construction work carried out by companies' own workers
represents the volume of construction work done by the unit’s registered workers, including productive work of apprentices and volume of construction work on own tangible fixed assets.
Construction work under contracts in total
refers to total value of the reporting unit’s own construction activity (incl. material inputs) performed based on a contract of delivery for final user (builder), including the value of subcontracted construction work, if any, received from other subcontractors to meet the contract of delivery for the final user. (Excluded is
subcontracted construction work carried out by the reporting unit for other contractors or construction work for other kind of activity unit within the same reporting unit). The volume of work actually carried out is given in invoiced values (the value of work performed but not yet charged is estimated), excl. VAT. Construction work is split into domestic and non-domestic (carried out abroad).
are the volume of construction work to be carried out under contracts. It is work confirmed to the reporting unit by contracts with customers (incl. supplementary orders, etc.), irrespective of the commencement and period of work. They are recorded at ruling prices at the time of receipt of order, excl. VAT. Construction orders indicate demand for building materials and workforce during coming months.
- Stock of orders at quarter-end
gives the value of received (and confirmed by the customer) not yet started orders on the one hand; on the other hand – for orders in progress – the value of work to be completed. This implies that construction work on orders not yet started is recorded in full value, whereas work on orders in progress in the remaining value (in the value of work to be completed). Excluded are orders already completed, even though not yet taken over and invoiced.
- Order increase
is newly received and confirmed orders in the reference quarter, including confirmed supplementary orders relating to former orders. Also included are “short-term” orders, i.e. orders received and fully implemented in the reference quarter.
Types of constructions
- Residential buildings
– this category includes multi-dwelling buildings (buildings intended primarily for housing);
- Non-residential buildings not designed for production
– all non-residential buildings not designed for production, i.e. hospital or institutional care buildings, education buildings, office buildings (incl. office buildings for production, agricultural, trading or other enterprises), public entertainment buildings, hotels, etc.;
- Non-residential buildings designed for production
– all non-residential buildings designed for production (for agriculture, industry, wholesale and retail trade, transport and communication, etc.);
- Civil engineering works –
e.g. bridges, highways, streets and roads, railways, tunnels and subways, pipelines, communication and electricity lines;
- Water management works –
land reclamation, dams and reservoirs on watercourses, channelisation.
is a building permit under S. 115 with binding conditions for the construction and use of buildings in the sense of the Building Act (Act No. 183/2006 Sb., on town and country planning and building code).
is a permit for simple building constructions under S. 104(2)(a) to (d) of Act No. 183/2006 Sb., on town and country planning and building code.
Approximate value of constructions
includes the total costs including technology costs (at current prices) of preparation, construction and putting into operation.
is quite a new building (new civil engineering work) irrespective of the type of building and technical project, purpose and duration of construction.
Renewals and enhancements
- top extensions;
- side extensions;
- built-in extensions.
is a usually roofed and walled structure.
is a room or set of rooms designed for housing according to a decision of the planning and building control authority; they may serve the purpose of housing as independent dwelling units. The number of dwellings is including independent rooms in school hostels, students’ halls of residence, homes for working juveniles and rooms in school dormitories, which are not managed by municipal offices.
- Dwellings started
– dwellings in buildings whose construction was permitted in the reference period by granting building permit (since 2006) and by granting building permit or building notification (since 2007), irrespective of whether or not these dwellings were completed in the reference period. For the purposes of this definition the building is a family house or multi-dwelling building, top, side or built-in extension thereto, residential and nursing care home, non-residential building (tied dwellings – usually outside residential buildings) and any non-residential space being converted into a dwelling. - Dwellings completed
are dwellings for which, in the sense of Act No. 183/2006 Sb. (the Building Act), as amended, final inspection approval under S. 122 was issued by the planning building control authority before the end of the reference period.
Floor area of rooms and spaces
is inner floor surface between walls in plan view.
Removal of constructions
is carried out in accordance with S. 129 of Act No. 183/2006 Sb. (the Building Act).
V. Retroactive corrections, revisions
Data revisions and retroactive corrections are governed by the revision calendar, which results from the CZSO revision policy. In the case of short-term monthly statistics, revisions are made as a standard together with the data processing for the first month after the calendar quarter is finished. Should serious input data corrections be made, which have a significant impact on the results published, extraordinary revisions outside the revision calendar are permissible.
VI. International comparability
Short-term statistics in the European Union are provided for by Regulation (EC) No. 1158/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2005 amending Council Regulation (EC) No. 1165/98 concerning short-term statistics. The introduction of the new classification of economic activities, including impacts on short-term statistics, is provided for by Regulation (EC) No. 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No. 3037/90 as well as certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains. All the published short-term indicators comply with the above regulations.
VII. Seasonal adjustment
The TRAMO / SEATS method implemented in program DEMETRA is used for seasonal adjustment. This method belongs to the methods preferred by Eurostat for the purposes of seasonal adjustment of series of economic indicators.
VIII. Methodological comparability with other surveys
The results of monthly surveys may differ from the results of quarterly or annual surveys.
IX. Types of data publication
The results of the monthly survey are published:
1) in news releases
Industry, construction – on a monthly basis,
2) in series on the website of the Czech Statistical Office – Time series
3) transmitted to Eurostat
4) in documents available on the web
Contact: Petra Cuøínová, phone (+420)274054199, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Period: March 2013
Y-O-Y Increase/Decrease(%): -20,6
Release Date: 7 May 2013